Business

Here’s What C.E.O.s Are Thankful For

It’s a classic Thanksgiving tradition: Go around the table and say what you’re grateful for. That’s not exactly a common practice on corporate earnings calls, but since this is DealBook, we thought we’d highlight some of the things that business leaders said they were grateful for this month during presentations to analysts.

Most often, executives say they are thankful for investors and employees, the corporate equivalent of “friends and family” around the table. But some are grateful for other things, and if you can’t come up with something tomorrow when it’s your turn to express thanks, try one of these alternatives:

I, an executive officer of this company, am thankful …

  • “for the mortgage boom.” (Chris Cartwright of TransUnion)

  • “to the F.D.A.” (Stephen Hoge of Moderna)

  • “that our customers continue to wait for our products.” (Brittany Bagley of Sonos)

  • “to operate in a large and growing market.” (Neil Blumenthal of Warby Parker)

  • “for your interest in our company.” (Alexandre Bompard of Carrefour)

A jury decides that CVS, Walmart and Walgreens deserve some blame for the opioid crisis. A federal jury found that the pharmacy chains substantially contributed to opioid overdoses and deaths in Ohio, a major victory for plaintiffs suing drug-related companies under the “public nuisance” standard, which underpins similar lawsuits across the country.

The U.S. intervenes to stop a sugar merger. The Justice Department sued to block U.S. Sugar from buying Louis Dreyfus’s Imperial Sugar, a deal that officials said would leave two companies in control of refined sugar sales in the Southeast.

Apple sues the spyware maker NSO Group. The lawsuit against the Israeli surveillance company, the second by a Silicon Valley giant, seeks to permanently block it from using any Apple device. NSO is increasingly at risk of default after the Biden administration blacklisted its products.

The U.S. asks an appeals court to reinstate Biden’s coronavirus vaccine mandate. Government lawyers asked the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit to immediately lift another court’s stay of its rule for large companies. The Big Three Detroit carmakers have also asked unionized factory workers to voluntarily submit their vaccination status, and several hundred Google employees signed a petition protesting the company’s vaccine mandate.

Goldman Sachs’s C.F.O. may join Eric Adams’s administration. New York City’s mayor-elect is considering Stephen Scherr, who is set to retire next month, for a senior economic development position, CNBC reports. Such a move may signal Adams’s desire to repair relations with the New York business community, which frayed under Bill de Blasio.

Yesterday, in an effort coordinated with five other world powers, the U.S. tapped its Strategic Petroleum Reserve, a 620-million-barrel stockpile meant to be used in times of crisis. Dipping into this reserve for economic reasons has become more common, but globally coordinated reserve releases like yesterday’s are rare.

The move was meant to increase supplies to lower prices, which had drifted lower in anticipation of a reserve release, but oil prices rose on the news, gaining 2 percent, and have held most of that gain in trading today. The steady rise in crude prices has pushed the cost of gasoline higher — the U.S. average is now $3.40 a gallon, up from $2.11 a year ago — presenting a political problem for President Biden.

Here’s why the effort to stop the rise in energy prices may not have the intended effect:

  • The reserve release was less than anticipated. Analysts expected 100 million barrels, but just over 65 million barrels are predicted to be released, with China and other countries contributing lower volumes than expected.

  • Much of the oil will have to be returned. More than half of the U.S.’s contribution is a loan, and that may restrict supply in the next year or so, when the U.S. buys those barrels back.

  • OPEC Plus could retaliate. The oil cartel and its allies have favored a slow increase in supply during the pandemic, and they may respond to the reserve release by restricting their production. “There are good odds that OPEC Plus will offset this, and they have a bigger fire hose than we do,” Robert McNally of Rapidan Energy Group told The Times.

Where are oil prices headed next? Many economists think it will be hard to keep prices down for long. “Using strategic stocks to defend an oil price level set in a global market is pure folly,” McNally said. Helima Croft of RBC Capital Markets told clients in a note that the Biden administration wanted to keep oil prices below $80 a barrel, so more releases could be coming. The president has also tried to tame prices in other ways, like asking trustbusters at the F.T.C. to investigate the conduct by large oil companies in the gasoline market.


— Jamie Dimon, at a Boston College event, reiterates JPMorgan Chase’s commitment to China, while making a dig at its government. “I can’t say that in China,” he added. “They are probably listening anyway.”


Since special purpose acquisition companies recently exploded in popularity, regulators and lawmakers have fretted about what they say are misaligned incentives that benefit SPAC sponsors at the expense of retail investors.

A pending lawsuit over Michael Klein’s $11 billion SPAC deal with the health services company MultiPlan highlights a big issue with the governance of blank-check firms, Michael Klausner of Stanford Law School and Michael Ohlrogge of N.Y.U.’s law school write in a new paper.

The problem: One criticism of SPACs, which raise money in an I.P.O. to buy an unidentified company, is that they are structured to incentivize the financial vehicles’ boards to get a deal — any deal — done. Directors are typically given a deeply discounted stake in the company they buy. Without a deal, those “founder shares” are worthless. Shareholders who buy in at higher prices after a SPAC goes public have two forms of protection against management signing an unfavorable deal:

  • They can redeem their shares at the I.P.O. price before a deal closes. But if investors don’t get useful details about the deal, they can’t make an informed decision.

  • A SPAC is supposed to appoint independent directors to act in all shareholders’ interests, but many still appoint people with ties to sponsors.

Why the MultiPlan deal matters: Founder shares in the SPAC cost $25,000 and were worth over $300 million upon the merger’s closing, a return of more than 1 million percent, according to the lawsuit. MultiPlan has lost about half of its value since closing the deal, as it has battled an attack from the short-selling firm Muddy Waters. Plaintiffs argue that if they had received full information about the company, they would have redeemed their shares. (MultiPlan, which is contesting the lawsuit, declined to comment.) Other cases targeting SPACs are based on a similar argument.

The proposed solution: SPACs should pay and structure their boards differently, Klausner and Ohlrogge argue. Sponsors can appoint truly independent directors by, for example, hiring a recruiting firm. And they can pay these directors with regular shares or cash, as most companies do. These practices won’t address all of SPACs’ perceived problems, but it’s a place to start.


Even as many bank chiefs declared that it was time to return to the office this summer, most bankers are slow-walking their return, The Times’s Lananh Nguyen reports. The financial industry employs more than 330,000 people in New York City, and last month only 27 percent of them came into the office daily, according to data from a survey conducted by the Partnership for New York City.

Here’s a roundup of where some banks stand on return-to-office plans:

  • At Citi, which asked staff members to come back for at least two days a week starting in September, offices are about 70 percent full on the highest-traffic days.

  • Goldman Sachs, one of the first banks to ask workers to return, said its downtown Manhattan base was staffed at about 60 percent.

  • Most JPMorgan Chase employees have returned to the office in recent months, with many of them on hybrid schedules, “just as our senior management team has requested,” a bank spokesman said. “In fact, roughly half of our Midtown employees are working from our offices on any given day.”

  • At Morgan Stanley’s Times Square headquarters, about 65 percent of employees are coming in at least three days a week. The bank’s C.E.O., James Gorman, has eased his opposition to flexible schedules from this summer: At an October town hall event, he said that “we have learned to function very differently during the pandemic.”

  • Jefferies has embraced hybrid working. On peak days, the office is at 70 percent capacity

Many bank executives are privately irritated. “From the employer perspective,” said Kathryn Wylde of the Partnership for New York City, “the longer this goes on, the more difficult it is to get people back, the greater their frustration.” Managers said it was unfair for highly-paid staff to keep working from home while others, like bank tellers and maintenance workers, come in every day. Two senior executives, who declined to be identified when discussing personnel matters, said they may push out subordinates who are not willing to return to the office regularly.

Deals

  • Elon Musk sold another $1 billion worth of Tesla shares, bringing his total this month to nearly $10 billion. (Insider)

  • KKR is reportedly considering raising its bid for Telecom Italia to win over the company’s biggest shareholder, Vivendi. (Bloomberg)

  • The London Stock Exchange has attracted its first SPAC listing after British regulators loosened market rules to draw more blank-check funds. (FT)

  • The grocery delivery start-up Getir agreed to buy a rival, Weezy, in a sign that the fast-growing industry is beginning to consolidate. (CNBC)

  • For start-up valuations, is $10 billion the new $1 billion? (TechCrunch)

Policy

  • Germany is set to announce a new coalition government, its first in the post-Merkel era. (NYT)

  • How some wealthy countries are trying to lure foreign workers to fill labor shortages. (NYT)

  • Moody’s says that President Biden’s $2 trillion social spending plan won’t contribute much to inflation. (CBS News)

  • U.S. officials laid out a road map for regulating crypto but disclosed few details. (NYT)

Best of the rest

  • Dollar Tree? It’s more like Dollar-and-a-Quarter Tree now. (NYT)

  • Biden will spend Thanksgiving weekend at the vacation home of the Carlyle Group co-founder David Rubenstein. (Twitter)

  • New York City’s hotel industry isn’t seeing a big boost from the holiday season. (WSJ)

  • Peter Buck, a nuclear physicist and a co-founder of the Subway sandwich chain, died last week. He was 90. (NYT)

We’d like your feedback! Please email thoughts and suggestions to dealbook@nytimes.com.




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